In this section, learn some tips that can help you.
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Cats are 100% carnivorous and don't ever deny their natural predation. In fact, the cat needs of taurine, an amino acid that he synthesizes enough and he can find only in fresh meat. The taurine lead cats eye, heart disorders, immune deficits and problems of reproduction in females.
In General, it should be not to give them raw meat.
The scheme 'box of tuna' to permanence is strongly discouraged, because it is too salty, and too important in heavy metals, even if cats love them (from tuna...). The bones are also to be avoided: in the crisp, cats can get pierce the Palace with salient pieces.
Finally, cats often enjoy foods made from milk, such as yoghurts, cheeses, small Swiss, cream...; It is wrong to think that dairy products "give diarrhea." Many cats get since they are weaned and are completely used with a normal intestinal transit.
A tablet of yeast of beer as a daily treat or cures will bring a vitamin supplement and ensure the cat to keep a beautiful shiny hair.
For the drink, to leave it permanently available to the cat a bowl of fresh, clean water, especially if his diet is basis of dry items such as croquettes. The smell of chlorine in the tap water may, however, put off the animal: it will therefore let it settle. Cats prefer when their water bowl is far from their food. It is not uncommon to see rather drink water left out in a bowl that hang out rather than in their very own... but if it is located next to the food bowl, do not look any further! The cat likes that "each thing is in its place and that there is a place for every thing" = a place for food, a place to drink, a place to sleep, a place for evacuation. These 4 places must not be close to each other. You will see not a healthy cat sleep on the floor next to his bowl, or on the cover of his litter...
Your cat will dip the legs in his bowl of water next to his plate of food? He quite appreciates your attention to him make available a "bath of legs"... but not crazy, he won't drink in it!
Source: Carole B Morin
Phyto-Aromatologist specialized canine & feline
Hygiène : Le chat, tout comme le chien, nettoie son estomac et son intestin en ingérant de l'herbe. En l'absence de jardin, on peut cultiver un petit pot d'herbe commune sur son balcon, qui lui permettra de vomir ce qui le dérange.
La propreté et le contrôle des oreilles sont aussi importants, celles-ci devant être régulièrement débarrassées du cérumen avec les cotons-tiges habituels.
Si le cérumen paraît sombre ou rosé, mieux vaut emmener le chat chez le vétérinaire.
De plus, il faut vérifier que la robe n'est pas envahie de parasites : si c'est le cas, il suffit d'utiliser des sprays, des poudres, des lotions ou des colliers antipuces qu'on trouve dans le commerce en suivant scrupuleusement le mode d'emploi.
Il est utile de penser, pour l'hygiène de l'homme et celle du chat, à désinfecter les lieux que le minou fréquente habituellement (panier, canapés, coffre de voiture, sols.)
Cat vaccination takes place when he is no longer protected by antibodies from its mother, which is around two months.
The cat should receive its first injection at this age, and the second a month later. Then, you should know that an annual booster is essential to protect effectively many diseases.
In addition, the immune system of the cat down with age. Don't neglect so its vaccines even though it is old.
The diseases against which do vaccinate your cat:
• The leukosis: often called "AIDS of the cat", this contagious disease, caused by a virus, yet is more consistent with leukemia of viral origin.
It can also be caught by all natural ways: blood, sex, saliva, urinate, tears... but not certainly not transmissible to humans.
The Leukemia is manifested by a loss of your cat's weight, anemia, the appearance of lymph nodes and sometimes kidney tumours.
Screening and vaccination against this disease are essential.
• Typhoid: this disease is highly contagious and often leads to death, especially in kittens. It is characterized by high fever, diarrhea, vomiting and dehydration strong. It is not transmissible to humans or other animals. The virus responsible for this disease is very resistant and does not effectively respond to drugs; so vaccination remains the best weapon against typhus.
• The coryza: this disease affects the whole of the respiratory system of the cat. It is rarely fatal but is very debilitating for the animal. She translates by fever, nasal discharge, mouth ulcers, Infectious conjunctivitis and a lack of appetite. If the cat is not treated in time, it can very quickly weaken and die. To avoid any risk of contamination, vaccinate him and don't forget reminders.
• Chlamydia: it translates as conjunctivitis causing redness and itching. Be aware that if your cat is affected by chlamydia, it is rarely possible to permanently treat. So your cat can be cured but stay still contagious. This disease is however not deadly and reached especially cats who lived in community. So, talk with your veterinarian to agree on the usefulness of vaccination.
• Rabies: this disease is transmissible to man and your cat vaccination is mandatory if you are staying in a camping, if you put it in a pension, if you go in an exhibition or in the departments of Moselle, of Corsica and to abroad.
Rabies vaccination involves one injection when the kitten is 3 months, unlike other diseases.
Be aware that if you want to keep your cat in a pension, all of the above immunizations must be current.
In addition, annual reminders are very important because protection gained from the first two injections gradually thins and the cat is no longer protected. If it comes in contact with an infected cat, it will contract in turn disease.
Before any breeding, it is important to check the consanguinity of your cats.
You can buy the test at Alvedia and obtenirs of other information. www.alvedia.com
Below the consanguinite.tableau table
A cat is like a human being, you should never delay to go to a vet, even if there is an invoice as a bonus. think about health insurance.
Your cat is pregnant, or you plan to reproduce. Farrowing (birthing) is a wonderful time to which you may have the honor to attend! In order to know if it is necessary or not to worry, here's how normally a low setting.
Calving occurs usually 58 to 71 days after the protrusion, 63 to 65 days on average. If after 65 days, the cat has not begun work, it is desirable to consult his vet, in order to check the proper conduct of the gestation.
Taking progestins during pregnancy (contraceptive pill) delays giving birth and can lead to death of small. Delays can also be due to a small scope, or a primary uterine inertia (see our fact sheet the complications of giving birth at the cat).
We advise owners to be as quiet as possible during the calving because cats like to be alone and quiet during this time. Many complications are due to the too insistent presence of the owners.
The first signs of the calving
A few days before giving birth, the cat starts to make a 'nest', to isolate noise and bustle. It is not uncommon for cats to have less appetite just before farrowing. Another easily controllable sign is the drop in rectal temperature: it goes down easily at 37-38 ° C (while she is normally 38.5 ° C approximately). After the fall of temperature, calving takes place usually within 24 hours.
Conduct of farrowing
The work is divided into three essential steps, more or less long. For the birth of each small, the cat suffers these three phases. The expulsion of the kittens takes about every 10 minutes to an hour.
STEP 1: the beginning of the work
The first phase of the farrowing corresponds to the preparation of the uterus, and the opening of the cervix. During this period, the cats are worried, restless. This phase has a very variable duration from 4 to 36 hours.
STEP 2: the expulsion of the kittens
It is characterized by an increase in uterine contractions, accompanied by visible abdominal contractions. Fetal pockets to Pierce and the first waters are released. Frequently, the cat licking the vulva.
When the head of the fetus appears, abdominal contractions increase in intensity. Little ones can get out the head or pelvis forward. Any other position is abnormal and leads to a deadlock.
The duration of childbirth after the release of the first kitten is very variable once again. The kittens are born usually every 10 minutes to an hour.
If the cat made efforts and no kitten out, there maybe a kitten stuck. Please call the vet at the most quickly. The cat should not stay more than an hour with contractions without expelling kitten. The cat should also not stay more than two hours without any contractions, while still have kittens.
It is in this way that we lost our female.
When the kittens go out, they are either surrounded out-of-Pocket fetal, or "bare", simply attached by the umbilical cord. In the first case, the mother must tear the membrane that surrounds the kitten and lick it off so that he breathes, if it does not, you need to do in his place quickly. If the kitten is not breathing, we must stimulate respiration by vigorously rubbing the kitten in a towel.
STEP 3: the expulsion of the fetal annexes
As we have seen, the kittens are not necessarily born with their placenta and it happens that the latter remains in the uterus.
The remaining placentas could be expelled at any time giving birth, between or after the following births.
The cat usually eat these annexes (pockets and placentas), and it is widely accepted that this Act promotes the involution of the uterus (after giving birth, the uterus drain and decreases in size; a bad drain can lead to infection) and the milk production. Therefore, it is best not to interfere and let her eat.
Late calving, relaxes the cat and the kittens begin to suckle.
Flows called Lochia are normal after calving and last 2 to 6 weeks. They are red-brown color and are not particularly unpleasant smell. Any other flow (colour, smell) accompanied by a dip in form on the part of the cat can be a sign of an infection.