Health tips

In this topic, discover some tips that may help you.
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Cats are 100% carnivorous and never renieront their natural predation. In fact, cats need taurine, an amino acid that it synthesizes enough and it can be found only in fresh meat. Lack of taurine causes cats eye, cardiac disorders, immune deficiencies and problems of reproduction in females.

In General, should not give them raw meat.

The scheme 'box of tuna' en permanence is strongly discouraged, because it is too salty, and too important in heavy metals, even if cats love (from tuna...). Bones are also to be avoided: in the crisp, cats can to penetrate the Palace with protruding pieces.

Finally, cats often enjoy foods made from milk such as yoghurt, small Swiss cheese, sour cream...; It is wrong to think that dairy products "give diarrhea. Many cats receive since their withdrawal and are completely used, with a quite normal intestinal transit.

A tablet of yeast as a daily treat or cures will bring a supplement of vitamins and will ensure the cat to keep a beautiful shiny coat.

For the drink, should leave permanently at the disposal of the cat a bowl of fresh, clean water, especially if his diet is based on dry elements such as croquettes. The smell of chlorine in the tap water may, however, put off the animal: therefore, let it settle. Cats prefer when their water bowl is located away from their food. It is not uncommon to see rather drink water left out in a bowl that troll rather than in their very own... but if it is next to the bowl of food, do not look any further! The cat loves that "every thing is in its place and that there is a place for every thing" = a place for food, a place to drink, a place to sleep, a place for evacuation. These 4 places should not be near each other. You'll see not a cat in good health sleep on the ground next to his food bowl, nor on his litter box cover...

Your cat is hardening the legs in his bowl of water next to his plate of food? He quite appreciates your attention to him make available a "bath of legs"... but not mad, he drinks in!

Source: Carole B-Morin
Phyto-Aromatology specialized canine & feline

Hygiene: The cat, like the dog, cleans up his stomach and his intestine ingesting grass. In the absence of garden can cultivate a small pot of common grass on his balcony, allowing it throwing up what bothers.
Cleanliness and control of the ears are also important, must be regularly cleared of earwax with the usual cotton swabs.
If Earwax seems dark or pink, it is better to take the cat to the vet.
In addition, check that the dress is not invaded by parasites: If this is the case, simply use sprays, powders, lotions or collars found in trade by carefully following the instructions for use.
It is useful to think, to human health and that of the cat, disinfect the places that pussy usually frequents (basket, sofas, car trunk, soils)

Cat vaccination occurs when it is no longer protected by antibodies to her mother, i.e. to two months.
The cat should receive its first injection at this age, and the second a month later. Then, please be aware that an annual reminder is essential to protect effectively many diseases.
In addition, the immune system of the CAT are declining with age. Don't neglect so vaccinations even if it is old.

The diseases against which to vaccinate your cat:
• Leukosis: often called "Cats AIDS", this contagious disease, caused by a virus, yet is more consistent with a viral-induced leukemia.
It can also be caught by all natural ways: blood, sexual contact, saliva, urine, tears... but certainly not transmissible to humans.
Leukosis is manifested by your cat weight loss, anemia, the appearance of lymph and tumors in the kidneys sometimes.
Screening and vaccination against this disease are therefore essential.

• Typhoid: this disease is highly contagious and often fatal, especially in kittens. It is characterized by high fever, diarrhea, vomiting and dehydration strong. It is not transmissible to humans or other animals. The virus responsible for this disease is very resistant and does not effectively respond to medication; therefore vaccination remains the best weapon against typhus.

• The coryza: this disease affects the whole of the respiratory tract of the cat. It is rarely fatal but is very annoying for the animal. It translates by fever, runny nose, mouth ulcers, Infectious conjunctivitis and a lack of appetite. If the cat is not treated in time, it may weaken rapidly and die. To avoid any risk of contamination, vaccinate it and don't forget reminders.

• Chlamydia: it translates a conjunctivitis causing redness and itching. Be aware that if your cat is affected by chlamydia, it is rarely possible to deal with permanently. Thus, your cat may look healed but remain still contagious. This disease is however not deadly and reaches, especially cats who lived in community. So, talk with your veterinarian to agree on the usefulness of vaccination.

• Rabies: this disease is transmissible to man and your cat vaccination is therefore mandatory if you are staying in a campsite, if you place it in a pension, if you go in exposure or the Moselle, Corsica and overseas departments.
Vaccination against rabies implies that a single injection when the kitten is 3 months, unlike other diseases.

Be aware that if you want to keep your cat in a pension, all above-mentioned immunizations must be current.

In addition, annual reminders are very important because protection gained from the first two injections gradually dwindles and the cat is more protected. If it comes in contact with an infected cat, it will incur in turn disease.

Before any projection, it is important to check the inbreeding of your cats.
You can get the test at Alvedia and vacancies of other information.
Below the consanguinite.tableau table

Health insurance

A cat is like a human being, you should never delay to go to a vet, even if there is a premium invoice. think about health insurance.

Your pussy is pregnant or you plan to reproduce. Farrowing (birthing) is a wonderful time to which you may have the honour of attending! In order to know if it is necessary or not to worry, here's how normally held a calving.

Calving occurs usually 58 to 71 days after the protrusion, 63 to 65 days on average. If after 65 days, pussy has not started work, it is desirable to consult his veterinarian, in order to check the proper conduct of the gestation.

Taking progestins during pregnancy (contraceptive pill) delays the calving and can lead to death of small. Delays can also be due to a small scope, or a primary uterine inertia (see our fact sheet the complications of parturition in the pussy).

We recommend owners to be as unobtrusive as possible during calving because pussies who like to be alone and quiet during this time. Many complications are due to the too insistent presence of the owners.

The first signs of foaling

A few days before calving, pussy begins to manufacture a 'nest', to isolate themselves from the noise and bustle. It is not uncommon that pussies have less appetite just before calving. Another easily controllable sign is the fall of rectal temperature: it goes down easily at 37-38 ° C (while she is normally 38.5 ° C approximately). Following the fall of temperature, calving takes place usually within 24 hours.

Conduct of calving

The work is divided into three essential steps, more or less long. For the birth of each little pussy undergoes these three phases. The expulsion of the kittens is done approximately every 10 minutes an hour.

STEP 1: the beginning of the work

The first phase of the low setting corresponds to the preparation of the uterus, and the opening of the pass. During this period, the pussies are anxious, agitated. This phase has a very variable duration from 4 to 36 hours.

STEP 2: the expulsion of the kittens

It is characterized by an increase in uterine contractions, accompanied by visible abdominal contractions. The fetal pockets Pierce and raw water are released. Frequently, pussy licking the vulva.

When the fetal head appears, the abdominal contractions increase in intensity. Small can escape the head or the pelvis forward. Any other position is abnormal and may lead to a deadlock.

The duration of the delivery after the release of the first kitten is very variable once again. The kittens are born usually every 10 minutes at a time.

If pussy made efforts and no kitten out, there may be a stuck kitten. It be necessary to call the veterinarian at the most quickly. Pussy must not stay more than an hour with contractions without expelling kitten. Pussy must also not stay more than two hours without contractions, until there are kittens.
It is in this way that we lost our female.

When the kittens are released, they are either surrounded by out-of-Pocket fetal, or "naked", simply clips through the umbilical cord. In the first case, the mother must tear the membrane that surrounds the kitten and lick he breathes, if it does not, you must do so in its place rapidly. If the kitten is not breathing, it must stimulate respiration by vigorously rubbing the kitten in a towel.

STEP 3: the expulsion of the fetal annexes

As we have seen, the kittens are not necessarily born with their placenta and it happens that this sector is still in the womb.
The remaining placentas may be expelled at any time of calving, between or after following birth.

The pussy eating generally these annexes (pockets and placentas), and it is believed that this Act promotes the involution of the uterus (after parturition, uterine draining and reduces size; a bad drain can cause infection) and milk production. It is therefore better not to intervene and to let her eat.

Late calving, pussy relaxes and the kittens begin to suckle.
Discharge called Lochia are normal after calving and last 2 to 6 weeks. They are red-brown in colour and are not particularly unpleasant smell. Any other flow (colour, odour) accompanied by a decline in the share of pussy form can be a sign of infection.

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